Nerds-in-chief: The rising heroes of the coronavirus era

Brussels: If it weren't the age of social distancing, people would stop them on the street to take selfies. Instead, they get adoring messages on social media. Others appear on television daily.

The new celebrities emerging across Europe as the coronavirus burns a deadly path through the continent are not actors or singers or politicians. They are epidemiologists and virologists who have become household names after spending most of their lives in virtual anonymity.

While nurses and doctors treat patients on the front lines, epidemiologists and virologists who have spent careers in lecture halls and laboratories have become the most trusted sources of information in an era of deep uncertainty, diverging policy and raging disinformation.

Professor Neil Ferguson, British epidemiologist and professor of mathematical biology at the Imperial College London.Credit:Marshaj2020/Commons

After a long period of popular backlash against experts and expertise, which underpinned a sweep of political change and set off culture wars in much of the developed world, societies besieged by coronavirus isolation and desperate for facts are turning to these experts for answers, making them national heroes.

"During a crisis, heroes come to the forefront because many of our basic human needs are threatened, including our need for certainty, meaning and purpose, self-esteem, and sense of belonging with others," said Elaine Kinsella, a psychology professor at the University of Limerick in Ireland who has researched the role of heroes in society.

"Heroes help to fulfil, at least in part, some of these basic human needs," she added.

The scientist-heroes emerging from the coronavirus crisis rarely have the obvious charisma of political leaders, but they show deep expertise and, sometimes, compassion.

In Italy, a nation ravaged by the virus more than any other in the world so far, Dr Massimo Galli, director of the infectious diseases department at Luigi Sacco University Hospital in Milan, swapped his lab coat for a suit and accepted he "would be overexposed in the media" in order to set things straight, he told one talk show.

Dr Massimo Galli, director of the infectious diseases department at Luigi Sacco University Hospital in Milan, and the medical officer at the forefront of Italy’s coronavirus information campaign. Credit:Screengrab/Omnibus/La7

So the avuncular, bespectacled professor quickly became a familiar face on Italian current-affairs TV shows, delivering no-nonsense updates about the unfamiliar foe.

Between broadcasts, he crept back into his laboratory to help his colleagues with research.

Dr Sotirios Tsiodras is a Professor of Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases at the University of Athens Medical School and works for the Greek CDC.Credit:Twitter/@STsiodras

In Greece, which has so far been spared a major outbreak, everyone tunes in when professor Sotirios Tsiodras, a slender-framed, grey-haired man, addresses the nation every day at 6pm.

His delivery is flat, and he relies heavily on his notes as he updates the country on the latest figures of those confirmed sick, hospitalised or deceased. Occasionally, he offers practical advice, like a solution of four teaspoons of bleach per litre of water can be sprayed on surfaces for disinfection. And he rushes to dispel misinformation: officials don't know the impact of ibuprofen on those sick from the virus.

The head of the Greek government's medical response to the coronavirus and a churchgoing father of seven with a long career studying infectious diseases at Harvard, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and elsewhere, Tsiodras is not one for embellishment.

By being frank, he has rallied the country behind some of the most proactively restrictive measures in Europe, which seem to be working as Greece counts just 68 deaths since the start of the outbreak. By contrast, Belgium, which has a similar population, just over 10 million, has recorded 1283 deaths.

Dr Christian Drosten has emerged as the voice of scientific reason in Germany, where the effect of the virus has been deeply felt despite a relatively low death rate. Long respected for the depth of his knowledge and willingness to share it with peers, he never sought the limelight. Colleagues have described him as an unlikely hero.

Dr Christian Drosten, virologist of the Charite hospital, attends a press conference on the new coronavirus in Berlin, GermanyCredit:AP

For weeks, however, Drosten, chief virologist at the Charite university research hospital in Berlin, has become one of the most sought-after guests on television talk shows and the star of a daily podcast that started in February. In it, he delivers fact-based assessments of the risks Germany faces based on the science behind SARS viruses, which he has studied for years.

Chancellor Angela Merkel and Health Minister Jens Spahn have also asked Drosten to consult on the political response to the crisis, although, as he was quick to point out to the German weekly Die Zeit, "I'm not a politician, I'm a scientist."

"I'm happy to explain what I know," he said. "Scientific findings must be communicated to everyone transparently, so that we all can get an idea of the situation. But I'm also honest about what I don't know."

In some countries, certain scientists have been both lionised and vilified. In the United States, Dr Anthony Fauci, a respected immunologist who is the head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, has been catapulted to celebrity status.

Dr Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, speaks during a television interview at the White House.Credit:Bloomberg

But Fauci, the Trump administration's fiercest advocate of social distancing rules, has also drawn the vitriol of members of the far-right, who falsely accuse him of trying to undermine President Donald Trump. The Department of Health and Human Services granted a request by the Justice Department for extra agents to guard him after he received threats.

As with all heroes drawn from the ranks of society during a crisis, some scientists are also painfully vulnerable, becoming sick themselves while carrying out their duties.

In Spain, the worst-hit country in Europe after Italy, Dr Fernando Simon has cut an endearing scientific hero figure. The director of Spain's health emergency centre has delivered updates and insights into the crisis in a rasping voice, acting as a counsellor for anxious citizens, who have peppered him with questions online, including whether people should take off their shoes before entering their homes (they need not, he advised). Simon tested positive for the virus in late March, prompting a nationwide outpouring of sympathy and well wishes.

Dr Fernando Simon, director of Spain’s health emergency centre has delivered updates and insights into the coronavirus crisis.Credit:Patria de Todos/Commons

In Britain, Neil Ferguson, a top mathematician and epidemiologist who became known to the broader public seemingly overnight for modelling the spread of the outbreak, also contracted the virus in March.

His work spurred the British government to ramp up restrictive measures to contain the illness, having initially taken a more relaxed approach that promoted the idea of helping people develop immunity by exposing a large proportion of the population to the virus.

Unaccustomed to the outsize attention to their every word and action, some new national darlings have found themselves on the receiving end of brutal criticism.

Tsiodras was criticised by some in Greece after footage emerged showing him standing at the pulpit of a seemingly empty church, even though the Greek government had demanded that services be suspended because the Greek Orthodox Church would not voluntarily comply with its isolation and social distancing measures.

Drosten, in Germany, was criticised when he originally challenged the wisdom of closing schools and day care centres — views he changed after a deluge of messages, including from colleagues who shared new data with him.

Slip-ups notwithstanding, Kinsella says, these heroes provide "clarity during confusing times"— and that includes the moral kind.

Last month, just as Trump and other leaders openly debated the wisdom of lockdowns because of their devastating economic costs, Tsiodras tackled the question directly.

After giving the day's update, he veered off script, looking nervously down at his clasped hands.

"An acquaintance wrote to me that we're making too much of a fuss over a bunch of citizens who are elderly and incapacitated by chronic illness," he said. "The miracle of medical science in 2020 is the extension of a high-quality life for these people who are our mothers and our fathers, and grandmothers and grandfathers."

Source: Read Full Article